Check out IM2GPS: estimating geographic information from a single image. This is CVPR2008 work done by James Hays and Alexei Efros. Some crazy titles that have been suggested to James can also be seen on his project site -- some of them are rather funny too!
Anyways, you can just read his abstract and browse his results if you are interested in the kind of computer vision research that uses millions of images. The basic idea is to predict the location of an image using only information embedded inside the image (and a training set of over 6 million geo-tagged Flickr images.)